HOW  TO  CREATE  A  FOLDER


Before you can create a new folder you first need to be inside (looking at the content of) an existing folder - A folder on a Flash Drive, Networked Computer, Website or Hard Drive (including a folder that is a part of the OS X (Mountain Lion) operating system). In other words, you need to be inside the folder where your new folder (sub-folder) will be created. For this example you will need to be inside the DOCUMENTS folder, which resides on the hard drive that is storing all of your OS X (Mountain Lion) system folders and files.


To get inside (to open) the DOCUMENTS folder, or any folder in general, you first need to launch (run/execute) the application called FINDER. This is done by clicking on its docked application icon - Its smiley face icon located on the left-side of The Dock.



Fig 1.0  Click on the FINDER application icon located on the left-side of The Dock

Once the application called FINDER has been launched (is up and running) it will open (display the content of) the last folder that was in use, either by you or another application. So if the last folder in use was the PICTURES folder for example the FINDER application will open (display the content of) the PICTURES folder. Regardless of which folder was last in use though, for this example you want the FINDER application to open (display the content of) the DOCUMENTS folder. The easiest way to do this is to click on the shortcut link (sidebar link) called DOCUMENTS within the FINDER window (Fig 1.2).



Fig 1.1  The FINDER application always opens the last folder to be used - The PICTURES folder in this case.




Fig 1.2  Click on the sidebar link called DOCUMENTS to open (display the content of) the actual DOCUMENTS folder

Another way to open the DOCUMENTS folder is to click on your USER NAME's shortcut link (sidebar link) within the FINDER window - on the YOINGCO shortcut link (sidebar link) in this example - to display all of your User Name folders and then double click on the actual folder (folder icon) called DOCUMENTS (Fig 1.4).



Fig 1.3  Click on the USER NAME sidebar link - Yoingco - to open (display the content of) the actual USER NAME folder




Fig 1.4  Double Click on the folder icon called DOCUMENTS to open (display the content of) the actual DOCUMENTS folder

With the DOCUMENTS folder open (below) you then have three main methods for creating a folder. The first method relies on the ACTION (Spoke), drop-down menu, button being available on the DOCUMENTS window (folder). Meaning this method should not be relied upon due to the fact that the ACTION button can be removed through folder customisation and therefore might not be available on the computer you are using. Assuming the ACTION button is available though; You create a new folder with this method by first clicking on the ACTION button to reveal its drop-down menu menu-items.



Fig 1.5  Click on the ACTION (Spoke) drop-down menu button to reveal its menu-items

When the menu-items appear you need to move the mouse pointer downwards until it reaches and highlights in blue the first menu-item; called NEW FOLDER. From there you keep the mouse pointer still, whilst it is over the highlighted menu-item called NEW FOLDER, and click the left mouse button. So you have clicked on the highlighted menu-item called NEW FOLDER in other words. This will then create a new (empty) folder called UNTITLED FOLDER (Fig 1.7 below).



Fig 1.6  Click on the NEW FOLDER menu-item to create a new (empty) folder called UNTITLED FOLDER




Fig 1.7  A new (empty) folder called UNTITLED FOLDER has been created

One thing to remember here is that although a new folder is a folder in its own right it is also a sub-folder of the main folder it resides in. So UNTITLED FOLDER is a folder in its own right but is also a sub-folder of the DOCUMENTS folder.


The second method is more reliable than the first because it uses the common, classic, menu system which is found in the Windows, Linux and OS X (Mountain Lion) operating systems. Meaning. If you want to use a traditional computer, regardless of it being a PC or Apple Mac, in any home and/or office environment the classic menu system will benefit you both in terms of common software usage and general computer practise.

With the second method you have to make sure the main folder that you want to create the new folder (new sub-folder) inside is the active folder, and more precisely that its window is the active window. In other words, the DOCUMENTS folder (its window) has to be clicked on in order for it to be the active folder (active window). Once it is, the Apple Menu Bar menus (titles) and menu-items (menu options) at the top of the desktop screen will correspond to the options available for the DOCUMENTS folder. So to create a new folder you first need to click on the FILE menu (the title called: FILE).



Fig 1.8  Click on the FILE Menu to reveal the FILE Menu-Items (Options)

Clicking on the FILE menu will reveal the FILE Menu-Items (Options) available for the active folder called DOCUMENTS. You now need to move the mouse pointer downwards (down the menu-items) until it reaches and highlights in blue the first menu-item; called NEW FOLDER. From there you keep the mouse pointer still, whilst it is over the highlighted menu-item called NEW FOLDER, and click the left mouse button. So you have clicked on the highlighted menu-item called NEW FOLDER in other words. This will then create a new (empty) folder called UNTITLED FOLDER (Fig 1.7 above).



Fig 1.9  Click on the NEW FOLDER menu-item to create a new (empty) folder called UNTITLED FOLDER

The third method uses a Context Menu which is basically a pop-up Options Menu. It is activated (displayed) by clicking the right mouse button anywhere within the white space (white/blank area) of the active window (i.e. the active DOCUMENTS folder). So to create a new folder using this method you first need to click the right mouse button anywhere inside the white space of the DOCUMENTS folder. Doing so will reveal the menu-items of the pop-up Context Menu (Options Menu) - The pop-up menu does not have menus (titles) on it like FILE, EDIT, etc. It is made up of menu-items only.



Fig 1.10  Right Click on a white area of the active window (DOCUMENTS folder) to reveal its Context Menu

With the menu-items revealed you now need to move the mouse pointer over the menu-item called NEW FOLDER whereby it will become highlighted in blue. From there keep the mouse pointer still, whilst it is over the highlighted menu-item called NEW FOLDER, and click the left mouse button. So you have clicked on the highlighted menu-item called NEW FOLDER in other words. This will then create a new (empty) folder called UNTITLED FOLDER (Fig 1.7 above).



Fig 1.11  Click on the NEW FOLDER menu-item to create a new (empty) folder called UNTITLED FOLDER

The eagle eyed amongst you will have spotted the NEW FOLDER button on the DOCUMENTS folder (window), but I purposely did not mention this as a fourth method for creating a new folder simply because it cannot be a fourth method if the button is hidden (switch off via folder customisation). So don't rely on it being available on any folder's window in other words. If it is available though just click on it and then follow the above procedure to create a new folder.



Fig 1.12  Click on the NEW FOLDER button to create a new folder

To create another new folder just repeat the above procedure. All newly created folders are called UNTITLED FOLDER by default (normal behavior). However, if there is already a folder called UNTITLED FOLDER your newly created folder will be called UNTITLED FOLDER 2 instead. Thereafter UNTITLED FOLDER 3, UNTITLED FOLDER 4 and so on.

If you don't have a mouse with a right click on it, for whatever reason(s), you can always emulate the right mouse click - Press the CTRL (CONTROL) keyboard key down and with it held down then click the left mouse button. This will then bring up the context (options) menu for that application, folder or whatever.