INSTALL  BITDEFENDER  ANTI-VIRUS  SECURITY  SOFTWARE


If you have come to this section because you really want to know how to install BitDefender Anti-Virus on your apple mac computer, as opposed to learning about installation in general, then Congratulations! You have more sense than most. Why? Because you realise that regardless of whether or not apple mac computers catch viruses or not, you want to protect that £1,000+ computer you have just bought! And for the sake of £25 or so it's best to be safe than sorry.

Regardless of what the truth is about the extent to which an apple mac can catch a virus and to what extent damage can be done to OS X (Mountain Lion and Mavericks), in this section I will be showing you how to install BitDefender Anti-Virus. Never mind I chose BitDefender, what's important here is that the installation steps are general. Meaning, they are similar to installing Microsoft Office 2011 and other softwares. The idea here is to show you another example of installation so that you become familiar with the installation process and therefore realise it's just a case of clicking on a few buttons - NEXT, CONTINUE, AGREE and FINISH - reading the odd license agreement and entering a product key (license key / serial number).


When purchasing BitDefender Anti-Virus, from the website, the actual Installation CD/DVD comes in the shape of an Online (Internet) Download; unless you purposely ordered/bought an Installation CD/DVD of course. Assuming you are like me and ordered the Online Download; The first thing to do is look inside your DOWNLOADS folder for the Installation File (Disk Image) called bitdefender_antivirus_for_mac.dmg. You would of downloaded it from a link inside your receipt e-mail. The download link would of stated something like: "Download BitDefender HERE". When you have found the bitdefender_antivirus_for_mac.dmg installation file (Disk Image) double click on it to proceed.



Fig 1.0  Double click on the downloaded bitdefender_antivirus_for_mac.dmg installation file (Disk Image) to proceed

After double clicking on the bitdefender_antivirus_for_mac.dmg installation file (Disk Image) OS X (Mountain Lion / Mavericks) will decompress it (Fig 1.1 below) and then created a logical hard drive for its decompressed content, on the desktop (Fig 1.2), which is named after the installation file (Disk Image). Once that is done the logical hard drive will open automatically to reveal the decompressed content (Fig 1.3).

A Disk Image (.dmg) file is a cross between a .zip (compressed folder) file and a flash drive - When double clicked on OS X (Mountain Lion / Mavericks) automatically decompresses (unzips) the content of the Disk Image (.dmg) installation file, just as it would a .zip file, but then creates a logical hard drive for it instead of a standard folder. The logical hard drive acts just like a flash drive in that it can be unmounted (removed) from the desktop and OS X (Mountain Lion / Mavericks) operating system. A bit like Windows 7's 'Safe To Remove Hardware' feature.



Fig 1.1  The bitdefender_antivirus_for_mac.dmg installation file is being decompressed by OS X (Mountain Lion / Mavericks)




Fig 1.2  A logical hard drive has been created for the content of the decompressed Disk Image (.dmg) installation file




Fig 1.3  The content of the decompressed Disk Image (.dmg) installation file can be seen via the opened logical hard drive

In the above example the bitdefender_antivirus_for_mac.dmg installation file (Disk Image) was decompressed to reveal three files called BitDefenderInstaller.pkg, BitDefenderUninstaller.pkg and BitDefender Antivirus for Mac User Guide.pdf. To begin the actual installation of the BitDefender Anti-Virus software simply double click on the BitDefenderInstaller.pkg file to launch its Installation Wizard.

PKG files are basically .zip (compressed folder) files that contain the actual software files (i.e. BitDefender Anti-Virus files) alongside the Installer (Set-Up / Installation Wizard) file and Uninstaller (Uninstallation Wizard) file. Double clicking on an Installer file, such as the BitDefenderInstaller.pkg file, automatically executes (launches/runs) the software's Installation Wizard.

As with any Installation Wizard its first step (below) always begins with a Welcome Message. Read it if you must! and then click on its CONTINUE button to proceed to step 2 of the installation wizard (Fig 1.5). Step 2 is more of the same; An Important Message. Click on its CONTINUE button when you are ready!



Fig 1.4  Read the Welcome Message, if need be, and then click on the CONTINUE button.




Fig 1.5  Another message to read! - Click on its CONTINUE button to proceed to step 3

After reading the above messages and clicking on their CONTINUE buttons you arrive at step 3 of the installation, which is the License Agreement. Although the two messages above were nothing to be concerned about, you should pay attention to the License Agreement messages.

Read the License Agreement carefully. Although license agreements tend to contain useless information, they usually explain Copyright issues or Usage issues that clarify who can use the software and who cannot. So if, for example, you are told that a certain piece of software is Free and/or Free To Use you may want to clarify this by reading the agreement. Some installation wizards do not allow you to continue, by fading out the CONTINUE button, until you have read (scrolled down) the license agreement.

If after reading the terms and conditions you agree to them, click on the CONTINUE button (below) and then on the AGREE button (Fig 1.7) to continue.



Fig 1.6  Read the Terms & Conditions carefully before clicking on the CONTINUE button




Fig 1.7  If you agree to the Terms & Conditions click on the AGREE button to continue

The next step of the installation wizard gives you the option to change the destination folder (location folder) used to store the actual BitDefender software files in, which includes the BitDefender.app file (the application itself). Clicking on the CHANGE INSTALL LOCATION button will bring up a folder requester (not shown here) that asks you to select your preferred destination folder. In normal circumstances, and for this example, you would leave the CHANGE INSTALL LOCATION button alone and just click on the INSTALL button instead to carry on with the standard installation of Bitdefender.

In general a CHANGE INSTALL LOCATION button should only be used in scenarios whereby you were previously having problems with the installation and/or need the software installed on another hard drive for example. In other words, when troubleshooting an installation problem. For example. If a piece of software is not working when it is installed inside the 'standard installation' folder you might try reinstalling it with your 'preferred' folder selected as the destination folder (location folder).



Fig 1.7  Click on the INSTALL button to begin the actual installation of the BitDefender software files

After clicking on the INSTALL button, regardless if a standard folder or preferred folder is used as the destination folder (location folder), a security requester will appear asking you to authorise this installation of BitDefender Anti-Virus. Simply enter the password of the currently logged-in user account into the security requester's PASSWORD Edit Box and then click on its INSTALL SOFTWARE button to continue.



Fig 1.8  Enter the password of the currently logged-in user account and then click on the INSTALL SOFTWARE button

With the installation process now authorised to place files on your apple mac computer the installation wizard can continue by copying the actual BitDefender software files on your apple mac computer, as well as registering BitDefender as an application and performing the overall setup procedure. The above installation steps were just the preparation stages for you to customise, authorise and agree to with regards to where the actual BitDefender software/application files will be installed.

If you need to cancel (quit) an installation process at any time, not just this one, you should click on the CANCEL button or QUIT button of the installation's current window; if one of these buttons are available of course. Or just click on the window's red eXit button. In some cases, generally speaking, even if you click on a CANCEL button the installation might have gone too far for it to be stopped, cancelled and/or reversed. So think very carefully before deciding to install any software on your computer.



Fig 1.9  The installation wizard is now installing the actual BitDefender software files

When the installation process is complete, denoted by the final installation step below, click on the CLOSE button to begin the registration and update processes for BitDefender.



Fig 1.10  The installation wizard has finished - click on the CLOSE button to continue

At this point you could EJECT the mounted logical hard drive (below) that was created by the Disk Image (.dmg) installation file, but it's not necessary as it will be unmounted when you next restart the computer or switch it off. However, if you do want to eject it now simply right click over its desktop icon and then select the EJECT menu-item.



Fig 1.11  Right click over the desktop icon of the mounted logical hard drive and then select the EJECT menu-item

With your copy of BitDefender Antivirus now installed the next thing to do is register it, by entering your personal Registration Number for it, and then update its Virus Definition Files (see below).

REGISTER  BITDEFENDER  AND  UPDATE  ITS  VIRUS  DATABASE


Protection Software needs updating regularly - Either once a day or once a week, depending if a new threat has been identified. For example. Most protection applications need a Definition (Database) File that tells them how to identify a known attack and how to cure a known attack. As well as how to identify, and possibly cure, unknown attacks based on history cases. A definition file may need downloading manually by you or automatically by the protection application. Either way, if the definition file is not downloaded regularly you will be in danger. Take this scenario:

If it's Monday 1st today and your Anti-Virus Application's definition file is up-to-date, it will only be up-to-date as of today (Monday 1st). So if you don't update it tomorrow (Tuesday 2nd) and the next day (Wednesday 3rd) you are still okay, as long as no new virus is unleashed on Tuesday 2nd or Wednesday 3rd. However, if a virus is unleashed on Tuesday 2nd or Wednesday 3rd you might be in trouble because your anti-virus application's definition file only knows how to identify and cure known viruses from Monday 1st and before that. So from here you have to hope and pray that your anti-virus application, and more importantly its definition file, can identify and cure the new unknown virus.


By updating your protection software (anti-virus application) regularly you are not only defending the computer against past attacks, but you are also protecting it from new attacks that have been identified (and possibly cured) by the software developers and from new attacks that can be cured with educated guess work.

When BitDefender has been installed a copy of its icon will be placed on the desktop and on the dock (not shown here). Its main window (control panel) will then open in order to show you what needs attention - It uses a traffic light system to tell you that, in this example, it needs to be registered. It needs its virus definition files updating. And that it needs to carry out an initial virus scan of your computer. Although the updating and virus scanning processes will be done automatically, eventually, you will need to manually register your copy of BitDefender; so make sure you have a live internet (broadband) connection at this point.



Fig 2.0  You need to register BitDefender, update its virus definition files and then do a virus scan of your computer.

To register your copy of BitDefender first click on the REGISTRATION Tab (window) and then on the FIX THIS ISSUE button. This will then enable you to type your personal License Key (Product Serial Number) into the NEW LICENSE KEY edit box that appears. When you have entered it click on the REGISTER button to continue. If you do not register your copy of BitDefender it will remain as a trial version for 30 Days whereby it will then expire after 30 Days.



Fig 2.1  Type your personal License Key into the NEW LICENSE KEY edit box and then click on the REGISTER button

With your copy of BitDefender now registered the next thing to do is check if any new updates are available for it, by clicking on the UPDATE Tab (window) and then on the FIX THIS ISSUE button (not shown here). Updates can include virus definition files and application related files. When the updates have been downloaded and installed you may need to restart the computer, by clicking on the RESTART NOW button, in order to activate/update certain services/processes/functions of BitDefender and/or the OS X (Mountain Lion / Mavericks) operating system.



Fig 2.2  Click on the RESTART NOW button when updates have been downloaded and installed

When you first install BitDefender it will need updating and restarting a few times, which is quite normal. Remember to save any documents and other work you may of been doing whilst installing BitDefender before clicking on the RESTART NOW button.

Finally, with all the updates installed, click on the SCANNER Tab (window) and then on the FIX THIS ISSUE button (not shown here) to begin a full virus scan of your computer. If all went well you should end up with a green traffic light on all of the BitDefender services (Fig 2.4).



Fig 2.3  After scanning my computer for viruses, which took 53 Minutes and 26 Seconds, no viruses were found.




Fig 2.4  BitDefender is now fully up-to-date and protecting my computer in 'real-time' (live, as of now)

That's it! BitDefender is now fully operational and up-to-date. It is set up to automatically download and install any new updates, protect my computer in 'real-time' and gives me manual options such as perform a 'quick scan', 'custom scan' and 'manually update'; and also includes online technical help and support.

'Real-Time' protection means BitDefender is protecting my computer live, in this moment, and will frequently check for updated virus definition files (updates). It also means it is relying on those live, latest, virus definition files (updates) to scan my computer for viruses; as opposed to BitDefender not being live and just using out-of-date, last downloaded, virus definition files (updates).